The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Heian Period  
73 - Warrior general in oyoroi armor.
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
1 kuwagata
2 fukikaeshi
3 sendan no ita
4 kyubi no ita
5 tsurubashiri
6 maekusazuri
7 yoroi-hitatare
8 kote
9 suneate
10 yukake
11 tsuranuki
12 Hyogogusari no tachi
13 shigetou no yumi
14 hoshikabuto no hachi
15 shikoro
16 osode
17 waidate no kusazuri
18 habaki
19 tabi
20 koshi-gatana
21 gunsen
22 ebira
23 soya
24 nae-eboshi
The Japanese armors were developed and glorified in the late Heian era. The "oyoroi" (=big armor) is the most formal and the best one; it is called "shikisei no yoroi," the right ceremonial armor. The armor in the photograph is the Hatakeyama Shigetada's dedication kept at the Bushu Ontake Shrine. A "kuwagata (=hoe-shaped)" ornament is attached on the helmet as a "maedate" (=front ornament) particularly. A "sode" (=protector for shoulder and elbow) and "kusazuri" (=protector for the lower abdomen and the thigh) are attached to the armor. A "waidate" in the right, "kyubi no ita" (=protector board for the pit of the stomach) and "sendan" are attached to and the breast. A "sakaita" and an "agemaki" are attached to the back. To the left arm, " kote (protector for hand and arm)", on the hands, "yukake", to the legs "habaki (=protector for legs)", "sune-ate" (=protector for the shin), "tsuranuki", "koshi-gatana (=short sword)" and a "Hyogo-gusari" long zword is carried at the waist. A "tsurumaki (=cane ring)", a "shigeto" bow, a "sakatsura" arrow case, and "soya" arrows. The figure in the photograph has a "gun sen (=military fan)" of the Rising-Sun flag in his hand; he wears a "nae eboshi" cap under the helmet and a suit of "yoroi hitatare" under the armor. "yoroi hitatare" is worn under a "nae eboshi" cap and armor.