the Heian Era, the influence of the Japanese Buddhist temples increased
with their Buddhistic country culture and aristocratization.
result, each temple came to organize armed priest team.
priests team is called "sohei" (=monk soldiers) , such as the "Yamahoshi"army
crops of Hieiza Enryakuji Temple or the" Narahoshi" army crops
of Nara Kofukuji Temple. There
were three things for the retired Emperor Goshirakawa, a man in power,
that did not become at his will: the dice of "sugoroku" the
Japanese backgamon, the water of Kamo River, and "Yamahoshi,"
as an old saying goes. The
figure in the photograph is one of "sohei".
a white "gojo-gesa," shoulder worn ornamental robe, and covers
his head completely with a hood. The
hood is called "kato." The
vestment consists of a black "motsuke", a "sekitai (="ateobi"
of court)", a white "kukuri-bakama and a white "habaki
(=leg protector)" He
also wears a "domaru" armor, called "shita-haramaki,"
under the "mo-tsuki-koromo" garment.
He wears "ashida"
clogs on foot and has a "naginata" halberd as well as a sword
in "kawa-tsutsumi" case at the waist.
with"mo" which varies by religious organizations and it is
called a black semi-"soken" or simply "kuro no soken."
"utsu-ho" resembles this style. Moreover,
in Nanto (=Southern Capitol), a monk soldier wore a "ju-e (=kasane)"
with a "sogo-eri (=priest's ranking neckband)" neckband and a
type of "kasane" "mo-tsuke-koromo" garment, made of
linen dyed in black, with s"shita-gasane" of white linen.