The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Heian Period  
66 - Commoner in everyday wear, hitatare.
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
1 nae-eboshi
2 hitatare
3 hitatare no munahimo
4 kukuri-bakama
5 muchi
6 habaki
"Hitatare" is one of the dresses of the common people of the Heian Era. Soon after, as the time progressed further, the "hitatare" was full-dress-ized as a samurai's everyday wear. The style in the photograph should be the prototype of it. The commoner in the photograph wears "tsutsusode," garment, a breast-string-attached "hitatare" without "okubi" the cross section of garment, and "kukuri-bakama." "uwagi" (=upper garment) is in the same series as that of "haniwa," an ancient Japanese clay figure and the court officer's uniform in the government time of Emperor Suiko's. The array of several centuries before the Heian Eracan be imagined from the commoner's costume. The costume in the photograph was reproduced referring to the "Kokawadera-engi E," literally translated as Kokawa Buddhist temple luck picture, which is considered to be the work in the 12th century.