The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Heian Period  
64 - Shirabyoshi dancer or a woman dancer in male attire with an up-swept hairdo.
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
1 yuiageta kami
2 suikan
3 suikan no kikutoji
4 suikan no kubikami no o
5 suikan no sode-gukuri no o
6 shiroki hakama
7 hakama no koshi
8 hakama no koshi no kazari-himo or ryuko
9 kawahori ogi fan
At the time of the beginning, the shirabyoshi dancer wore "Tate-eboshi" cap, "suikan" cloth and red "naga-bakama" and hung a long sword on the waist, and she danced holding "kawahori" (=bat) fan [the fan which has sticks in one side of paper] in her hand. In later times, since the way of dancing looked too violent, she danced without a "tate-eboshi" cap and a long sword in some cases. "Genpei Seisuiki, "the chronicle of Genji-and-the-Heike rise and fall, and and "Gikei (ca 1400-1450)" the chronicle of Minamoto no Yoshitsune, describes that Shizuka-gozen arranged her hair excluding a "eboshi," a formal headgear for court nobles, and she wore a white hakama. Although the time "Gikeiki" was written in the Nanbokucho (=Nothern and Southern Courts) period (1337-1392) is rather new, it still made a good reference to the costume.