The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Heian Period  
62 - Buddist monk performing a Dengaku dance.
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
1 kazari igasa
2 suikan
3 suikan no kubikami no o
4 suikan no kikutoji
5 suikan no sode-gukuri no o
6 binsasara
7 kukuri-bakama
8 obuto
9 suikan no ate-obi
"Dengaku" is a ritual music and dancing performed in Shinto shirines and Buddhist temples. The work song of rice planting developed into "dengaku." And soon, it was set to "zatsu-gei" miscellaneous dance and music of old Japan, and special Buddhist monks appeared as the performer. The monks performed also on the festival of a shrine. As a New Year's festive decoration, an artificial crane and turtle and etc. were attached attached to "i-gasa," a bamboo hat. The decoration on the bamboo hat is call "furyu (=elegance)." Thus, afterwards, the festive decoration changed and it was set to "kasa-hoko," float with an umbrella, and "tsukuri-yama," float with decoration, which appears in a festival now. There are also a decoration of the state of a dinning table and others which variously expressed the interesting forms . The composite figure in the photograph was produced making reference to "Nenchu-gyoji Emaki" an annual events picture scroll.