The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Heian Period  
55 - Bugaku court dance costume for "Manzairaku."
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
1 torikabuto
2 hanpi
3 ketteki no ho
4 shitagasane
5 shitagasane no tsuke hitoe
6 ueno-hakama
7 fugake
8 shikai
9 sekitai
Article 15 of the "Togyoku-mei" (=Enthronement Act) of Meiji Era specified that the "Taikyou (=a grand banquet)" should be performed when the greeting of accession to the throne and "Oname-sai" were completed. "Taikyou" is the word used for a banquet held for the Crown Prince and ministers in ancient times. And Emperor's banquet was called "sechie" (=court banquet). "Taikyou" came to be used according to the new ceremonial rule of Meiji. The grand banquet consists of the ceremony of the 1st day, the ceremony of the 2nd day, and further with the ceremony of the night banquet. The photo shows "Taiheiraku," a "bugaku (=a court dance and music)," which is performed at the night banquet; "Manzairaku" is also performed there. "Manzairaku" is auspicious performance which a world is peaceful and phoenixes dance. The dance is counterclockwise,and 4 or 6 dancers, who wear "kasane shozoku (=costume)," perform as a group. The costume is also referred to as "tsune shozoku"or "hiramai shozoku." The dancers wear "tori-kabuto" and red "ketteki no ho" in the style of "kata kataginu." Under the "ho," the dancers wear the "hanpi and "wasureo," " shitagasane" "omote-bakama," which is long and bundled with a string, "kakutai (=leather belt)," "fugake", "shitozu" (=socks), and "shikai" (=shoes) ." The costume considered to be exactly the one of the Heian Era is inherited to this day.