The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Heian Period  
51 - Buddhist priest in ceremonial vestment.
With ho-mo (=robe) and shichijo-gesa (=seven-paneled Buddhist surplice).
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
1 mosu
2 shichijo-gesa surplice
3 ohi
4 ho
5 shimogasane
6 mo
7 ue-no-hakama
8 oguchi
9 shitozu
10 juzu rosary
11 hi-ogi fan
The "Ho-mo," the costume in the photograph is also called "ho-fuku" in some cases. It is the most foarmal ceremonial vestment of Buddhism. Furthermore, it originated from "raifuku" (=ceremonial robe) defined by "the Dress Code of Yoro." "Ho-mo" is always in the same color and in the same "" And the collar of"ho" (=upper garment) is the style which made wide one currently called "sogo-eri" (=collar of commissioner) in the style of"hotate" in the back of the head. Originally only elected "sogo" (=commissioner priest) was allowed to wear it. Under the "ho-mo," the priest wears "akome","hitoe","okatabira","ue no hakama," "oguchi hakama." He also wears "shitouzu(=tabi socks)," " hanahiro (= cloth shoes)," and has "hi-ogi" (=fan), "juzu" (=rosary) in his hand. At the time of a certain priest being inaugurated as the commissioner of the Tendai sect of Buddhism, white or blue "mosu" (=cowl) " is allowed for him to wear. When the priest wears the "ho-mo", "shichijo-gesa" (=surplice), "ohi", and "shutara" are worn. The "ho-mo" in this photograph is in the style designed in the second half of Edo Era (1600-1868), and was worn by a master of the Higashi Honganji Temple.