The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Heian Period  
47 - Courtier in Shinto ceremonial robe, "jo-e."
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
1 tate-eboshi cap
2 jo-e
3 jo-e no sode-gukuri no o
4 hitoe
5 sashinuki or nubakama
6 harai-gushi
7 jo-e no ate-obi
"Jo-e" (=pure clothe) is used as dress of "kessai" at the time of a divine work. It is non-pattern although The form of"jo-e" is the same as that of Žëˆß. Although the color of "Jo-e" is usually white, it has yellow "jo-e." A Shinto priest is wears a formal headgear, originally designed for court nobles, in wearing the "jo-e." There is another costume called "jo-e." It is a sacerdotal vestment for the Buddhist priests. It is used for the event of Buddhistic Shintoism and It is called "donjiki, " a robe, which is pure white and has no patterns, may also be called "jo-e." Moreover, the robe, to which "sodetsuyu" is attached, is also called "jo-e."
It is worn by the "ajari kaiho gyoja" (=a Buddhist ascetic) of Mt.Hiei.
In addition, "suzukake" of the white hemp of mountaineering ascetic is called "jo-e." Right colors, such as white and yellow, were considered to be pure colors. And muddy colors called "keshiki" had the meaning of being impure.