"ikan" (=outer robe and trousers) is the informal dress of the
Imperial Court as compared with "sokutai (= full court dress)."
"sekitai (=stone belt)" is not worn.
court dress was also called "hinoshouzoku" (=dress for
daytime). On the other hand, "ikan" was referred to as "tonoishouzoku"
(=dress for home). However,
"tonoishouzoku" was soon to be worn to get on the floor of the
Imperial Palace. It
seems that since "i "(=clothes ) and" kan" (=crown)
mean government posts, the costume for a government official was named "Ikan."
is no distinction between a civil servant and a military officer with
regard to "Ikan" (=outer robe and trousers).
the Imperial Court people of the third or higher ranking were "kugyou
(=high ranking courtier) and those of the fourth and fifth ranking were
"tenjou-bito" (=court nobles). As
a winter costume of court nobles of the fifth rank, the composite figure
wears a "ho" (=robe) in purple color and "sashinuki"
(or nu-hakama=long divided skirt) without crests at it.
it puts in "tato-shi" (=pocket paper) into the bosom, and it
has "hioogi (=fan)" in its hand, and it is transitory in "shitozu"
"[-- if an aristocrat is 40 or more years old could wear "shitozu",
when he is allowed particularly.]