The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Edo Period  
154 - The fire dress of samurai or warrior.
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan

1 jingasa
2 jingasa-no tarenuno
3 mune-ate
4 kaji-baori
5 tachi
6 shohtoh
8 ate-obi-no haimen
9 tekoh
10 no-bakama
In the Edo era, there were many fires at "the Edo of a consumption-centered city" in which population crowded. Owing to the fire started from negligence at the town of Suruga-cho, all of the towns in Edo (=old Tokyo) was almost burned down in the 6th year of Keicho period. The fire started from negligence. All the towns of Edo were burned completely at the time of the "Furisode Fire (=a long-sleeved kimono fire)", and wounding and killing attained to 110,000 persons in the third year of Meireki (1657). The Tokugawa shogunate put power into fire fighting. The daimyo-centered "Daimyo-bikeshi (= daimyo fireman)" and the "Joh-bikeshi(=constant fireman)", which was centered on the "Hatamoto", the direct vassals of a shogun" , were organized. The creation of those organizations was completed in the Kyoho period, and a new fire-fighting organization called the "Machi-bikeshi (=towns fireman)" was made. It puts and pile up cotton cloth, stab the whole surface finely and make it sewing. Moreover, the thing which makes it such and was sewn. There is keeping-warm power, and since it is very healthy, it uses for judo arrival,kendo arrival, fire-fighting dress, etc. Besides that, the"kaji-shohzoku" (fire-fighting dress) which the samurai for security wore at the time of a fire, was gorgeous and formal; the version for female fighters were also produced.   In the beginning, it was dress of which material was mainly the product made from leather. The firefighting dress of samurai consists of following items: a "jingasa" hat or a "kabuto" helmet, a "kaji-haori" hjacket, a "mune-ate" protector, an "ate-obi" belt and "no-bakama" trousers (the each item has family crests). A daimyo and a high-class samurai, The splendid helmet with the "maedate" (=front stand) ornament was used. A common samurai used a "jingasa" hat with a "tare" protector for avoiding sparks. Cloth which processed the hair of an animal in the shape of felt, and made it like textiles. It mainly uses for matting. He also wears a pair of indigo-blue "tabi" socks and "waraji" straw sandals.