Otsue (=painting of Otsu) caricature were public-pictures drawn by the
unknown painters in the Edo era; they were inexpensive for the common
people to buy. Since
they were sold somewhere around the town of Oiwake on Tokaido highway
which was located between Kyoto and Otsu, it was named the Otsue
is the famous haiku poem by Basho, a haiku master : " What Buddha
it is the start of the brush of an Otsue caricature."
of the first Otsue caricature was already made in Kanbun period [1661 -
1672] in the first half of Edo era. Then,
Mamanaki-no-matabei (=stutterer Matabei) was called the founder of Otsue
by the scenario titled "Keisei-hankonkoh" which Chikamatsu
Monzaemon wrote in the 2nd year of Hoei period ; there is no
historical basis in it in any way. . The
Otsue caricature started from the Buddhistic drawing at first.
from a moral meaning of Buddhism, then, afterwards, as a cartoon, the
following paintings were drawn: "the Buddhist invocation of a demon",
"Hyotan-namazu", "Gehoh-hashigo-sori", "Thunder
and a drum", "Tsurigane Benkei," "Yanone Goro,"
"a hawker," "Yarimochi-yakko," and "Wisteria
was inherited till the last stage of the Edo era;
stopped its active history in the first year of Meiji era.
caricature was also taken in by Japanese dance.
shown in the photo, is one of the typical things.
figure is covered with a black-lacquered bamboo hat.
It is the
style of long-sleeved kimono with the branch of "fuji (=wisteria)".
is expressing the customs of ladies of the town in the middle of the Edo