The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Edo Period  
145 - Woman wearing a sode-zukin hood.
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan

1 O-koso-zukin
2 Kosode
3 Obi
4 Zohri
The figure in the photo wears the costume for a woman walking on the street in the second half of Edo era; she wears a "o-koso-zukin" hood. The "o-koso-zukin" hood is called "sode-zukin (=sleeve-hood)" by the alias. It has the form of the sleeve of kimono; a face comes out of a cuff. The "moh-su" originated in the sleeve-shaped cloth that Saint Saicho (767-822), the founder of the Tendai sect of Buddhism, was allowed to wear by Emperor Kammu; the Imperial sanction of it was carried out only to the high-ranking priests. Saint Nichiren (1222-82), the founder of the Nichiren sect, also received the Imperial sanction. In addition, Saint Nichiren would be pointed out if a common person calls someone "koh-soh (= high-ranking priest)". >From that, the original name was changed and the name of "o-koso-zukin" was produced. In the "Sakura-kagami (=mirror of cherry tree)", the book of haiku published in the years of Kyoho in Edo era, there is the haiku poem: "Flowers at their best That it is or that it is not "sode-zukin " Therefore, it is thought that the hood was used from the Kyoho era or before. The color of the hood for priests is white or blue; the figure ion the photo wears the hood which is made with the material of black silk crape, and the lining cloth is a red material made of silk.