"Tayu" is the title of the office and rank which imitated the
Chinese system originally. It
is an official status equivalent to the 5th-court-ranking.
Imperial Court, a "tenjoh-bito" Mr. saint deserves it.
Edo period, it is a status equivalent to a daimyo.
used as an entertainer's title. The
"Tayu" came to be used to call a high-class prostitute in the
Edo era. Since
Shimabara of Kyoto, the zone where the circumference was restricted and
the horehouses were gathered, had tradition and prestige, the naming of
"Tayu" just meant Shimabara. The
horehouse zones of Kyoto in the Ohei period; it was in the Ohei period
that The horehouse zones of Kyoto was authorized.
Kujo-no-sato zone was authorized by Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. .
Ohnin War, the zone was moved to the "Nijo-marino-kohji zoze, where
were two big willows and the zone was called "Yanagi-machi",
the town of willows; even now, the former site of the town is called
Baba of a "yanagi-no-banba" willow.
costume of the "Tayu" in Shimabara zone was not the same as
that of the present-day's counterpart around that time.
early stages of the Edo period to the last stage, the costume became
more and more gorgeous; the figure of the "Tayu" wears the
gorgeous costume around that time. The
hair is in the style of "Hyogo" , which has the feeling of
Kyoto; the"mae-gami" , the front hair, has large "bekkoh"
and eight "kohgai" ornaments. The
"ushiro-gami" has six pieces of "mae-bira"
ornaments, "tome" ornaments, and the "hana-kanzashi"ornaments;
the total weight of ornaments goes as heavy three kirograms.
The red "naga-juban"
garment and the "kake-eri (=applying a collar)" of white
embroidery; the collar is turned up to show a part of the red "naga-juban"
"naka-gi (=middle clothes)", of which skirt is wadded, is in
the three-pile style. The
top "aida-gi" garment has the so-called "Shimabara-tsuma"
embroidered patterns; the pattern has the feature in a way of spreading
from the skirt portion to the breast part. The
second "aida-gi" garment is in white color, and the third one
is in green color; a broad belt is tied in front in the "noshi-musubi
(=decorative paper tieing)" form, and a beautiful "uchikake"
coat is put on it. The
pattern of the "uchikake" garment is not resticted by any
rules; the cloth of the black has the "mon-zukuri" patterns.
feet are bare in conformity with the ancient rite.
A pair of
lacquered "geta", wooden sandals, of black in color with three
tooth are used for in the case of "michiyuki (=going way)"
walk on the street. The
particular sandals originate in the Bunka or the Bunsei period of Edo
era; they are used both in summer and winter season.
World War II, the authorized prostitution was banned, the present-days's
"Tayu" holds the form for tourists and is maintaining the