The Costume Museum Kyoto Japan Costume History in Japan
The Kamakura Period
- The Azuchi -Momoyama Period -
 
106 - European. Known as Nanban-jin.
The Costume Museum Kyoto JapanThe Costume Museum Kyoto Japan
1 bohshi
2 raffuru (pleated collar)
3 kepu (cape)
4 torankufoze (trousers)
From the end of Ashikaga era through the Azuchi Momoyama eraAthe Western culture flowed into Japan. In the 12th year in Tenmon (1543)Athe people from Portugal reached Tanegashima Island and introduced the gun to Japanese people. In the 18th year of Tenmon (1549)AFrancisco Xavier from Spain evangelized Christianity. Since so-called "Nanban" (=Western) culture descended in connection with these historical matters, it had influenced the Japanese costume in a peculiar way. The clothes, such as KAPA KARUSAO, were transmitted from the Western World, too. The figure in the picture is in the typical costume of "Nanban-jin (Westerner)." He wears a RAFFURU collar, a KAPA (=cape) and TORANKFOZE (=trousers). Around the time, the "Nanban-jin (Westerners)" meant the Spanish and the Portuguese, etc. Besides, the people from Northern Europe such as the Dutch were called "Ketoh-jin (=hairy foreigner)."